Category: History Of

Behind History of Alfred the Great

Behind History of Alfred the Great Alfred the Great was King of Wessex from 871 to 886 and King of the Anglo-Saxons from 886 to 899. He was the youngest son of King Æthelwulf of Wessex. His father died when he was young and three of Alfred’s brothers, Æthelbald,... Read More →

Behind History For December 31 –...

Behind History For December 31 1906 – Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar signs the Persian Constitution of 1906. 1907 – The first New Year’s Eve celebration is held in Times Square (then known as Longacre Square) in Manhattan. 1944 – World War II: Hungary declares war on Nazi Germany. 1944... Read More →

Behind History For December 30 –...

Behind History For December 30 1903 – A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, Illinois kills at least 605. 1905 – Former Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated at the front gate of his home in Caldwell. 1906 – The All-India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East... Read More →

Behind History For December 26 –...

Behind History For December 26 1919 – Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox is sold to the New York Yankees by owner Harry Frazee, allegedly establishing the Curse of the Bambino superstition. 1941 – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill establishing the fourth Thursday in November... Read More →

Behind History For December 24 –...

Behind History For December 24 1906 – Radio: Reginald Fessenden transmits the 1st  radio broadcast; consisting of a poetry reading, a violin solo, and a speech. 1911 – Lackawanna Cut-Off railway line opens in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. 1913 – The Italian Hall disaster in Calumet, Michigan results in... Read More →

Behind History For December 23 –...

Behind History For December 23 1913 – The Federal Reserve Act is signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, creating the Federal Reserve System. 1914 – World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt. 1916 – World War I: Battle of Magdhaba: Allied forces defeat... Read More →

Behind History For December 19 –...

Behind History For December 19 1900 – Hopetoun Blunder: The first Governor-General of Australia John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appoints Sir William Lyne premier of the new state of New South Wales, but he is unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government and is forced... Read More →

Behind History For December 18 –...

Behind History For December 18 1900 – The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook, Victoria Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic. 1916 – World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under... Read More →

Behind History For December 17 –...

Behind History For December 17 1903 – The Wright brothers make the first controlled powered, heavier-than-air flight in the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. 1907 – Ugyen Wangchuck is crowned first King of Bhutan. 1913 – A spur of the Shaker Heights streetcar line opens, the first... Read More →

Behind History For December 16 –...

Behind History For December 16 1903 – Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel in Bombay first opens its doors to guests. 1907 – The American Great White Fleet begins its circumnavigation of the world. 1912 – First Balkan War: The Royal Hellenic Navy defeats the Ottoman Navy at the... Read More →

Behind History For December 15 –...

Behind History For December 15 1906 – The London Underground’s Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway opens. 1914 – World War I: The Serbian Army recaptures Belgrade from the invading Austro-Hungarian Army. 1914 – A gas explosion at Mitsubishi Hōjō coal mine, in Kyushu, Japan, kills 687. 1917 –... Read More →

Behind History For December 12 –...

Behind History For December 12 1911 – Capital of India to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi on this day. 1911 – King George V and Mary of Teck from United Kingdom are enthroned as Emperor and Empress of India. 1915 – President of the Republic of China, Yuan... Read More →

Behind History For December 11 –...

Behind History For December 11 1905 – A workers’ uprising occurs in Kiev, Ukraine (then part of the Russian Empire), and establishes the Shuliavka Republic. 1907 – The New Zealand Parliament Buildings are almost completely destroyed by fire. 1917 – World War I: British General Edmund Allenby enters Jerusalem... Read More →

Behind History For December 10 –...

Behind History For December 10 1901 – The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. 1902 – The opening of the reservoir of the Aswan Dam in Egypt. 1906 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt wins the Nobel Peace Prize for... Read More →

Behind History For December 9 –...

Behind History For December 9 1905 – In France, the law of separation church and the state is passed. 1911 – A mine explosion near Briceville, Tennessee, kills 84 miners in spite of all the efforts taken to rescue led by the United States Bureau of Mines. 1917 –... Read More →

Behind History For December 5 –...

Behind History For December 5 1931 – Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow was destroyed on orders from Joseph Stalin. 1933 – The Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified. 1934 – Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attack Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture... Read More →

Behind History For December 3 –...

Behind History For December 3 1904 – The Jovian moon (moons of jupiter) Himalia (largest irregular satellite of Jupiter) is discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at California’s Lick Observatory. 1910 – Modern neon (consists of brightly glowing, electrified glass tubes or bulbs) lighting was 1st demonstrated by Georges Claude... Read More →

Behind History For December 1 –...

Behind History For December 1 1913 – The Buenos Aires Metro, the 1st underground railway system in the Southern Hemisphere and in Latin America starts working. 1913 – Ford Motor Company introduces the 1st moving assembly line. 1913 – Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the First... Read More →

Behind History For November 30 –...

Behind History For November 30 1916 – Costa Rica signs the Buenos Aires Convention, a copyright treaty. 1934 – The LNER Class A3 4472 Flying Scotsman becomes the first steam locomotive to be authenticated as reaching 100 mph. 1936 – In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.... Read More →

Behind History For November 29 –...

Behind History For November 29 1902 – The Pittsburgh Stars defeated the Philadelphia Athletics, 11–0 to win the first championship associated with an American national professional football league. 1929 – U.S. Admiral Richard E. Byrd leads the first expedition to fly over the South Pole. 1943 – World War... Read More →

Behind History For November 26 –...

Behind History For November 26 1917 – The Manchester Guardian publishes the 1916 secret Sykes-Picot Agreement between the United Kingdom and France (They agreed to mutually influence and control in an eventual partition of the Ottoman Empire). 1922 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon was the 1st people to... Read More →

Behind History For November 25 –...

Behind History For November 25 1905 – Prince Carl of Denmark arrives and becomes King Haakon VII of Norway. 1917 – World War I: German forces defeat Portuguese army. 1940 – World War II: First flights of both the de Havilland Mosquito (British twin-engined, shoulder-winged multirole combat aircraft) and... Read More →

Behind History For November 21 –...

Behind History For November 21 1905 – Albert Einstein’s paper that leads to the mass–energy equivalence formula, E = mc², is published in the journal Annalen der Physik. 1916 – Mines from SM U-73 sink the HMHS Britannic, the largest ship lost in the First World War. 1918 –... Read More →

Behind History For November 20 –...

Behind History For November 20 1910 – Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosí (a written political document), which starts the Mexican Revolution. Publicly declares to overthrow the government under Mexican President Porfirio Díaz. 1917 – World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins: British... Read More →

Behind History of International...

Behind History of International Men’s Day International Men’s Day (IMD) is an annual international event celebrated on 19 November to raise awareness about the health of men and boys, promotes gender equality and focuses on the issues they face, highlighting discrimination against men, and promoting male role models. International... Read More →

Behind History For November 19 –...

Behind History For November 19 1912 – First Balkan War: The Serbian Army captures Bitola, ending the five-century-long Ottoman rule of Macedonia. 1941 – World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sink each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss... Read More →

Emperor Kammu | 50th Emperor of Japan

Emperor Kammu Emperor Kammu, (735– 9 April 806) was the 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Kammu reigned from 781 to 806, and it was during his reign that Japanese imperial power reached its peak. During his reign capital of Japan was moved Nara... Read More →

Behind History For November 12 –...

Behind History For November 12 1912 – King George I of Greece makes a triumphal entry into Thessaloniki after its freedom from 482 years of Ottoman rule. 1912 – The frozen bodies of Robert Scott (Royal Navy Officer) and his men are found on the Ross Ice Shelf in... Read More →

Behind History For November 11 –...

Behind History For November 11 1911 – Many cities in the Midwestern United States break their record highs and lows on the same day. 1918 – World War I: Germany signs an armistice agreement (Formal agreement between the warring parties to stop the fight) with the Allies in a... Read More →

Behind History For September 30 –...

Behind History For September 30 – Today in History 1915 – World War I: Radoje Ljutovac becomes the 1st soldier in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft with ground-to-air fire. 1938 – Britain, France, Germany and Italy signed the Munich Agreement. 1939 – World War II: General Władysław... Read More →

Behind History For September 29 –...

Behind History For September 29 – Today in History 1911 – Italy declares war on Ottoman Empire. 1918 – World War I: Bulgaria signs the Armistice of Salonica (to cease fire). 1923 – The French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon takes place and was in effet. 1923 –... Read More →

Behind History For September 28 –...

Behind History For September 28 – Today in History 1901 – Philippine–American War: Filipino guerrillas killed around 40 American soldiers, they have losted there 28 Filipino soldiers. 1912 – The Ulster Covenant (Ulster’s Solemn League and Covenant) nearly around 500,000 Ulster Protestant joined the protest opposing the Third Irish... Read More →

Behind History For September 22 –...

Behind History For September 22 1910 – The Duke of York’s Picture House opens in Brighton, one of the oldest. 1914 – A German submarine sinks 3 British cruisers over a 79 period, killing almost 1500 sailors. 1919 – The steel strike of 1919 begins, led by the Amalgamated... Read More →

Behind History for September 16 –...

Behind History for September 16 1908 – The General Motors Corporation was born. 1914 – World War I: The Siege of Przemyśl (Poland) starts. 1931: Political prisoners in Hijli detention camp (near Kharagpur) were fired upon by the prison authorities. 2 died and multiple people were injured. 1940 –... Read More →

Behind History for September 9 –...

Behind History for September 9 – Today in History 1776 – United States of America was officially named by Congress (before it was United Colonies). 1791 – The Capital of Unites States Washington, D.C., is named after President George Washington. 1801 – Alexander I of Russia confirms the privileges... Read More →