Behind History for September 9 – Today in History
1776 – United States of America was officially named by Congress (before it was United Colonies).
1791 – The Capital of Unites States Washington, D.C., is named after President George Washington.
1801 – Alexander I of Russia confirms the privileges of Baltic provinces.
1817 – Alexander Twilight, the first African American to gets graduation from US College, he finished his B.A., degree at Middlebury College.
1850 – California is admitted as the 31st state in United States of America.
1855 – Crimean War: The Siege of Sevastopol comes to an end when Russian forces abandon the city.
1863 – American Civil War: The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1892 – Amalthea, third moon of Jupiter is discovered by Edward Emerson Barnard.
1914 – Fully mechanized unit in the British Army was created for the first time for World War – I.
1922 – The Greco-Turkish war effectively ends with Turkish victory over the Greeks in Smyrna.
1923 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, inaugurates the Republican People’s Party.
1924 – Hanapepe massacre happens on Kauai, Hawaii.
1939 – World War II: The Battle of Hel starts, the longest-defended pocket of Polish Army resistance during the German invasion of Poland.
1939 – Burmese national hero U Ottama dies in prison after a hunger strike to protest Britain’s colonial government.
1940 – George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
1940 – Treznea Massacre happens in Transylvania.
1942 – World War II: A Japanese float plane drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.
1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government is established.
1945 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Empire of Japan formally surrenders to China.
1947 – First case of a computer bug being found: A moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
1948 – Kim II-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea).
1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans and took the lives 76 people who were dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unrecoverable damage.
1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act comes into force, making French equal to English throughout the Federal government.
1970 – A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and flown to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
1990 – Batticaloa massacre: Massacre of 184 Tamil civilians by the Srilankan Army in Batticaloa District.
1991 – Tajikistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
1993 – Israeli–Palestinian peace process: The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
2001 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan by two al-Qaeda assassins who claimed to be Arab journalists wanting an interview.
2002 – The Rafiganj train wreck happened in Bihar, India.
2009 – The Dubai Metro, the first urban train network in the Arabian Peninsula, is ceremonially inaugurated.
2012 – The Indian space agency puts into orbit its heaviest foreign satellite yet, in a streak of 21 consecutive successful PSLV launches.
2012 – A wave of attacks kill more than 100 people and injure 350 others across Iraq.
2015 – Elizabeth II became the longest reigning monarch of the United Kingdom.
2016 – The government of North Korea conducts its fifth and reportedly biggest nuclear test. World leaders condemn the act, with South Korea calling it “maniacal recklessness”.