Behind History for September 16
1908 – The General Motors Corporation was born.
1914 – World War I: The Siege of Przemyśl (Poland) starts.
1931: Political prisoners in Hijli detention camp (near Kharagpur) were fired upon by the prison authorities. 2 died and multiple people were injured.
1940 – World War II – Italian troops conquered Sidi Barrani.
1943 – World War II – The German 10th Army reports that it can no longer contain the Allied bridgehead around Salerno.
1945 – World War II – The Japanese occupation of Hong Kong comes to an end.
1954: The Lok Sabha adopted a clause in the Special Marriage Bill by providing for divorce by consent.
1955 – President Juan Perón was unseated by military of Argentina.
1955 – A Zulu-class sub-marine becomes the 1st to launch a ballistic missile.
1959 – The 1st successful photocopier Xerox 914 was introduced in a demonstration on live television from New York City.
1961 – The USNHR Project (United States National Hurricane Research) drops eight cylinders of silver iodide into the eye wall of Hurricane Esther. Wind speed reduces by 10%, as a result of the project storm fury starts.
1961 – Typhoon Nancy which was possibly the strongest tropical cyclone, makes landfall in Osaka, Japan, took the life of 173 people.
1963 – Malaysia is formed from the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak.
1966 – The Metropolitan Opera House starts at the Lincoln Center in New York City with the world premiere of Samuel Barber’s opera Antony and Cleopatra.
1970 – King Hussein of Jordan declares war against the Palestine Liberation Organization, the conflict which became to be known as Black September.
1975 – Papua New Guinea gets independence from Australia.
1975 – Cape Verde, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe joins the United Nations.
1975 – The first prototype of the Mikoyan MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
1976 – Armenian swimming champion Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from a trolley bus which was fallen into a Yerevan reservoir.
1979 – 8 people escaped from East Germany to the west in a homemade hot air balloon.
1982 – Lebanon War: The Sabra and Shatila massacre take place in Lebanon.
1987 – The Montreal Protocol is signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion.
1990 – The railroad between the People’s Republic of China and Kazakhstan is finished at Dostyk, adding a fairly large link to the concept of the Eurasian Land Bridge.
1992 – The trial of the deposed Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega ends in the United States with a 40-year sentence for drug trafficking and money laundering.
1992 – Black Wednesday: The British pound is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the German mark.
2004 – Hurricane Ivan makes landfall in Gulf Shores, Alabama as a 3rd Category hurricane.
2005 – Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples, Italy. It is noticed he’s the head of criminals.
2007 Federation Cup Women’s Tennis, Moscow, Russia: Svetlana Kuznetsova beats Francesca Schiavonea of Italy
2007 – Flight 269 (One-Two-GO Airlines) carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand and resulted in killing 89 people.
2007 – Security guards working at Black water Worldwide shoot and kill 17 Iraqis in Nisour Square, Baghdad
2014 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant launches its Kobani offensive against Syrian–Kurdish forces.
2015 – Report 3 million people die each year of air pollution, more than malaria and HIV/Aids combined published in “Nature” journal.
2015 – Oil tanker explosion kills 170 in Maridi, South Sudan
2018 – Typhoon Mangkhut makes landfall near Jiangmen City, China, winds 120 miles an hour cause tower blocks in nearby Hong Kong to sway
2019 – Five months before the COVID-19 stock market crash, an overnight spike in lending rates in the United States prompts the Federal Reserve to conduct operations in the repo market.