November – 28
November 18 is the 332nd day of the year (333nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 33 days remaining for the end of the year.
587 – Treaty of Andelot: King Guntram of Burgundy (French Region) adopts and makes Childebert II as his legal heir.
1443 – Skanderbeg (Albanian Military Commander) and his forces extricate Kruja in central Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
1470 – Champa–Đại Việt War: Emperor Lê Thánh Tông of Đại Việt starts his attack against Champa (Now its Central and South Vietnam).
1582 – In Stratford-upon-Avon (the county of Warwickshire, England), William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway paid £40 bond for their marriage licence.
1627 – The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Navy has its greatest and last victory in the Battle of Oliwa (Polish-Swedish war).
1660 – At Gresham College, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins and Sir Robert Moray started a research, what is later known as the Royal Society.
1666 – At least 3,000 men of the Royal Scots Army led by Tam Dalyell of the Binns defeat about 900 Covenanter (Scottish Presbyterian movement) rebels in the Battle of Rullion Green.
1814 – The Times of London becomes the first newspaper to be produced on a steam-powered printing press, built by the German team of Koenig & Bauer (a German printing company).
1821 – Panama separates from Spain and joins Gran Colombia and this day is celebrated as Panama Independence Day.
1843 – The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation and is celebrated as Ka Lā Hui (Hawaiian Independence Day).
1861 – American Civil War: The Confederate States of America (Unrecognized country) accept a rival state government’s pronouncement that declares Missouri to be the 12th state of the Confederacy.
1862 – American Civil War: In the Battle of Cane Hill, Union troops under General James G. Blunt defeat General John Marmaduke’s Confederates.
1885 – Bulgarian victory in the Serbo-Bulgarian war preserves the Unification of Bulgaria.
1893 – Women’s suffrage in New Zealand comes to an end with the New Zealand general election, 1893.
1899 – The Second Boer War (fought between British Empire and two Boer State): a British column is engaged by Boer (Dutch and African farmer) forces at the Battle of Modder River; although the Boers withdraw, the British suffer heavy casualties.
1905 – Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith (Irish writer/newspaper editor/politician) founds Sinn Féin as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.
1908 – A mine explosion in Marianna, Pennsylvania, kills 154 men, leaving only one survivor.
1912 – Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire also known as Turkish Empire.
1914 – World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange (American Stock Exchange) re-opens for bond trading.
1917 – The Estonian Provincial Assembly declares itself the supreme power of Estonia.
1919 – Lady Astor is elected as a Member of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. She is the first woman to sit in the House of Commons (lower house of UK parliament). (Constance Markievicz, the first to be elected but refused to sit.)
1920 – Irish War of Independence (Angio-Irish/Guerilla War: The Irish Republican Army ambush a convoy of British Auxiliaries and kill 17.
1942 – In Boston, MA, a fire accident in Cocoanut Grove nightclub kills 492 people.
1943 – Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, Iran, to discuss war strategy for World War-II.
1945 – Australia Services draw second Victory Test Cricket vs India at Calcutta.
1956 – Chou En- lai, Chinese Prime Minister, came to India.
1958 – Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French Community (French Colonial Empire).
1960 – Mauritania (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) becomes independent of France.
1964 – NASA launches the Mariner 4 (4th series of Spacecraft) to probe toward Mars.
1964 – Vietnam War: National Security Council members agree to recommend that U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson adopt a plan for a two-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam.
1965 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s call for “more flags” in Vietnam, Philippine President elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
1966 – Michel Micombero (a Politician & Soldier) depose the monarchy of Burundi and makes himself the first president.
1975 – East Timor or Timor-Leste declares its independence from Portugal.
1990 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher resigns as leader of the Conservative Party and, therefore, as Prime Minister.
1990 – President’s rule imposed in Assam.
1990 – Union Cabinet approves re-induction of Airbus A-320 in the domestic sector.
1991 – South Ossetia ( Republic of South Ossetia–the State of Alania) declares independence from Georgia.
2014 – Gunmen set off three bombs at the central mosque in the northern Nigerian city of Kano killing at least 120 people.