November – 18 | Indian History
November 18 is the 322st day of the year (323nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 43 days remaining for the end of the year.
326 – The old St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
401 – The Visigoths, light-emitting diode by King Alaric I, cross mountain chain and invade northern European nation.
1095 – The Council of Clermont begins: referred to as by Pope Roman Catholic Pope, it light-emitting diode to the primary Crusade to the Holy Land.
1105 – Maginulfo is non-appointive the Antipope as Sylvester IV.
1180 – Phillip II becomes King of France.
1210 – Pope Pontiff excommunicates Holy Emperor Otto IV.
1282 – Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon.
1302 – Pope Boniface VIII problems the rescript Unam sanctam, claiming spiritual supremacy for the authority.
1421 – A barrier at the Zuiderzee dike within the Kingdom of The Netherlands breaks, flooding seventy two villages and killing around 10,000 people. This event are referred to as St Elizabeth’s flood.
1493 – Christopher Columbus initial sights the island currently referred to as Puerto Rico.
1494 – French King Charles VIII occupies Florence, Italy.
1601 – Tiryaki Hasan pacha, an Ottoman provincial governor, routs the royal line forces commanded by Ferdinand the prince of Republic of Austria throughout the besieging of Nagykanizsa.
1626 – The new St Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
1730 – the longer term town II (known as town the Great), King of geographical region, is granted a royal pardon and discharged from confinement.
1760 – The future Frederick II (known as Frederick the Great), King of Prussia, is granted a royal pardon and released from imprisonment.
1803 – The Battle of Vertières, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, resulting in the institution of the Republic of Haiti, the primary black republic in the Western Hemisphere.
1809 – In Napoleonic War, French frigates defeat British East Indiamen within the Bay of Bengal.
1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Krasnoi ends in French defeat, but Marshal of France Michel Ney’s leadership leads to him becoming known as “the bravest of the brave”.
1863 – King Christian IX of Denmark signs the November constitution that declares Schleswig to be a part of Denmark. This is seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and ends up in the German–Danish war of 1864.
1865 – Mark Twain’s story “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” is published in the Newyork Times Saturday Press.
1872 – Susan B. Anthony and fourteen other ladies are arrested for illegal voting in U.S presidential election of 1872.
1883 – American and Canadian railroads institute 5 commonplace continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of native times.
1901 – The Great Britain and the United States sign the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty, which viods the Clayton–Bulwer Treaty and withdraws British objections to an American-controlled canal in Panama.
1903 – The Hay–Bunau Treaty pact is signed by the us and Panama, giving the us exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
1905 – Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.
1909 – Two U.S. warships are sent to Republic of Nicaragua once five hundred revolutionaries (including 2 Americans) were killed by order of José urban center Zelaya.
1916 – World War I: First Battle of the Somme: In France, British military Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle that started on July 1, 1916.
1918 – Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
1928 – Release of the animated short film Steamboat Willie, it was the first fully synchronized sound cartoon, directed by filmmaker Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks, that includes the third appearances of cartoon characters Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. This is considered as he Mickey’s birthday by the Disney corporation.
1929 – Grand Banks earthquake: Off the south coast of Newfoundland within the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 seaquake, targeted on the Grand Banks, breaks twelve submarine
transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a Tsunami that destroys several south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula.
1940 – World War II: Adolf Hitler and Italian minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini’s calamitous Italian invasion of Greece.
1943 – World War II: Battle of Berlin: Four hundred and forty Royal Air Force planes bomb Berlin inflicting solely light-weight harm and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 craft and fifty three air crew.
1944 – Popular Socialist Youth is based in Cuba.
1947 – The Ballantyne’s outlet fire in church, New Zealand, kills 41; it’s the worst hearth disaster within the history of latest Sjaelland.
1949 – The Iva Valley Shooting happens once the coal miners of Enugu in African nation endure strike over withheld wages; twenty one miners ar shot dead and fifty one ar wounded by police beneath the superintendence of country colonial administration of African nation.
1961 – United States President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.
1963 – the primary push-button phone goes into service.
1970 – U.S. President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for $155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian Government.
1971 – Oman declares its independence from UK.
1978 – In Jonestown, Guyana, Jim Jones led his Peoples Temple to a mass murder–suicide that claimed 918 lives in all, 909 of them in Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo Ryan is dead by members of the Peoples Temple hours earlier.
1987 – King’s Cross fire: In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city’s busiest underground station, King’s Cross St Pancras.
1988 – War on Drugs: U.S. President President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law permitting the executing for drug traffickers.
1991 – Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon release Anglican Communion envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Joan Sutherland.
1993 – In U.S., the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is approved by the House of Representatives.
1993 – In African country, 21 political parties approve a new constitution, expanding voting rights and ending white minority rule.
1996 – A fire accident happens on a train traveling through the chunnel from France to England inflicting many injuries and damaging about five hundred metres (1,600 ft) of tunnel.
1999 – Aggie balefire collapses killing twelve students and injuring twenty seven others.
2002 – Iraq demobilization crisis: United Nations Weapons Inspectors LED by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.
2003 – In U.K., the Local Government Act 2003, repealing Section 28, becomes effective.
2003 – The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules 4–3 in Goodridge v. Department of Public Health that the state’s ban on twosome is unconstitutional and offers the state general assembly one hundred eighty days to alter the law creating Massachusetts the primary state in the us to grant wedding rights to same-sex couples.
2012 – Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria becomes the 118th Pope of the Coptic Eastern Church of Alexandria.
2013 – Independent agency launches the ace probe to Mars.