History Behind This Day November 17 | Indian History
November 17 is the 321st day of the year (322nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 44 days left for the end of the year.
794 – Japanese Emperor Kammu shifts his residence from Nara to Kyoto.
887 – Emperor Charles the Fat is forcefully sent out from the assembly by the Frankish magnates at Frankfurt. His Kinsman Arnulf of Carinthia is selected as the king of the East Frankish Kingdom.
1183 – Battle of Mizushima takes place.
1292 – John Balliol becomes the King of Scotland.
1405 – Sharif ul-Hāshim establishes the land of Sulu.
1511 – Henry VIII of England finishes the Treaty of Westminster, a agreement of mutual help against the French, with Ferdinand II of Aragon.
1558 – Elizabeth reign begins: Queen Mary-I of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth-I of England.
1603 – English soul, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason.
1777 – Articles of Confederation (United States) are submitted to the states for approval.
1796 – French Revolutionary War: Battle of the Bridge of Arcole: French forces defeat the Austrians in Italy.
1800 – The United States Congress holds its initial session in Washington, D.C.
1810 – Kingdom of Sweden declares war on its ally the UK to start the Anglo-Swedish War, although no fighting ever takes place.
1811 – José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, is sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.
1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer becomes the 1st American to see Antarctica. (The Palmer Peninsula is later named after him.)
1831 – Ecuador and Venezuela (South American Countries) are separated from Gran Colombia.
1839 – Oberto, Giuseppe Verdi’s initial opera, opens at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy.
1856 – American Old West: On the Sonoita River on the current day southern Arizona, the US Army establishes Fort Buchanan so as to assist management control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
1858 – Modified Julian Day zero.
1858 – The city of Denver (Colorado) was discovered.
1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Knoxville begins: Confederate forces led by General James Longstreet place Knoxville, Tennessee, under siege.
1869 – In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is inaugurated.
1871 – The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York.
1876 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s “Slavonic March” is given its first performance in Moscow, Russia.
1878 – Initial assassination try against Umberto I of Italy by radical Giovanni Passannante, who was armed with a dagger. The King survived with a small wound in an arm. Prime Minister Benedetto Cairoli blocked the aggressor, receiving an injury in a leg.
1885 – Serbo-Bulgarian War: The decisive Battle of Slivnitsa begins.
1894 – H. H. Holmes, one of the first modern/trendy serial killers, is arrested in Boston, Massachusetts.
1896 – The Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, which later became the first ice hockey league to openly trade and recruit players, began play at Pittsburgh’s Schenley Park Casino.
1903 – The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits into 2 groups: The Bolsheviks (Russian for “majority”) and Mensheviks (Russian for “minority”).
1911 – Omega Psi Phi Fraternity Incorporated, which is the first black Greek-lettered organization founded at an American historically black college or university, was founded on the campus of Howard University in Washington, D.C.
1922 – Sultan Mehmed VI went into exile in Malta
1933 – The United States recognizes the Soviet Union.
1939 – 9 Czech students are dead as a response to anti-Nazi demonstrations prompted by the death of Jan Opletal. All Czech universities are shut down and more than 1,200 students sent to concentration camps. Since this event, International Students’ Day is celebrated in many countries, especially in the Czech Republic.
1947 – The Screen Actors Club implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
1947 – American scientists John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain observe the fundamental principles of the transistor, the key part for the Physics revolution of the twentieth century.
1950 – Lhamo Dondrub is officially announced as the 4th Dalai Lama.
1950 – United Nations Security Council Resolution eighty nine relating to the Palestine Question is adopted.
1953 – The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland, are shifted to the mainland.
1957 – Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways crashes at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause is a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the craft.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy dedicates Washington Dulles International Airport, serving the Washington, D.C., region.
1967 – Vietnam War: Acting on optimistic reports that he had been given on November 13, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson tells the nation that, while much remained to be done, “We are inflicting greater losses than we’re taking, We are making progress.”
1968 – British European Airways introduces the BAC One-Eleven into commercial service.
1968 – Viewers of the Raiders–Jets football game in the eastern United States are denied the chance to watch its exciting finish when NBC broadcasts Heidi instead, prompting changes to sports broadcasting in the United States.
1969 – Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States meet in Helsinki, Finland to start SALT I negotiations geared towards at limiting the quantities of strategic weapons on both sides.
1970 – Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley goes on unproven for the My Lai Massacre.
1970 – Luna program: The Soviet Union lands Lunokhod One on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon. This is the first roving pilotless automaton to land on another world and is released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft.
1973 – Watergate scandal: In Orlando, Florida, U.S. President Richard Nixon tells four hundred Associated Press managing editors “I am not a crook.”
1973 – The Athens Polytechnic uprising against the military regime ends in an exceedingly bloodshed within the Athens.
1978 – The Star Wars Holiday Special airs on CBS, receiving negative reception from critics, fans, and even Star Wars creator George Lucas.
1979 – Brisbane Suburban Railway Electrification. The primary stage from Ferny Grove to Darra is commissioned.
1983 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation was founded in Mexico.
1989 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution starts: In Czechoslovakia, a student demonstration in Prague is quelled by riot police. This sparks associate degree rising aimed toward overthrowing the communist government (it succeeds on Gregorian calendar month 29).
1990 – Fugendake, a part of the Mount Unzen volcanic complex, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan, becomes active and erupts again.
1993 – U.S House of Representatives passes a resolution to ascertain the North American Free Trade Agreement.
1993 – In Nigeria, General Sani Abacha ousts the Govt of Ernest Shonekan in a military coup.
1997 – In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people are killed by six Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut, called Luxor massacre.
2000 – A dangerous landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, kills seven, and causes millions of SIT of damage. It is one of the worst catastrophes in Slovenia within the past 100 years.
2012 – At least 50 schoolchildren are killed in an accident at a railway crossing close to Manfalut, Egypt.
2013 – 50 people died when Tatarstan Airlines Flight 363 crashes at Kazan Airport, Russia.
2013 – A rare late-season tornado occurrence strikes the geographical area. Illinois and IN area unit most affected with tornado reports as way north as lower Michigan. all told around six dozen tornadoes land in about associate degree 11-hour fundamental quantity, together with seven EF3 and 2 EF4 tornadoes.