History of JalliKattu
What is Jallikattu?
In Taminadu, Jallikattu (Bull Taming) is a event practiced during the Pongal Celebration on Maatu pongal. A running bull is released into a crowd of people. Many young participants will grab the bull and ride it as long as possible attempting it to stop. The other type is to take the flag attached in the bull’s horn and the participants must remove the flag from the bull’s horn. In the villages the bulls are bred specifically for this event. During the event prizes are announced to the youth participants who wins.
History of Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu:
Jallikattu is being practiced during the Tamil Classical Period (400-100 BC). It was common event during the ancient time during the “Mullai” period. A seal from the Indus Valley Civilization depicting the practice is preserved in the National Museum, New Delhi. A cave painting in white kaolin discovered near Madurai, depicting a lone man trying to control a bull is estimated to be about 2,500 years old.
Jallikattu in Tamil Cinema
Jallikattu is often shown in Tamil Cinema, where the hero tames the bull and proves his bravery and heroism. Some of the popular movies are as follows:
- Virumaandi – Padmashri Kamal Haasan in the lead.
- Murattu Kaalai – Superstar Rajinikanth in the lead.
- Cheran Pandian – Sarath Kumar in the lead.
There are few more films which has Jallikattu event as a major part of the films.
When was Jallikattu Banned? Jallikattu Protest
Animal welfare associations like, the FIAPO (Federation of India Animal Protection Agencies) and PETA India have protested against the the Jallikattu since 2004. Animal Welfare Board of was the first in India filed a case in the Supreme Court for an outright ban on Jallikattu because of the cruelty to bulls and the harm and danger to public safety.
However, on 27th November 2010, the Supreme court again permitted the Government of Tamil Nadu to allow Jallikattu for five months a year under the surveillance of District Collectors. This is make sure the bull particate in Jallikattu are registered to the Animal Welfare Board (AWB). In return the AWB sends a representatvie to monitor the event. During the same year Tamil Nadu Government ordered the organizers to deposit Rs.2,00,000.00 in case of an accident or injury during the event.
The Ministry of Environment and Forest issued a notification in 2011 that banned the use of bulls in any sport including Jallikattu. But Jallikattu practice continued under the Tamil Nadu Jallikattu Act No 27 of 2009. Supreme Court of India on on 7th May, 2014 banned Jallikattu totally which struck down the state law aswell.
On 16 January 2016, the World Youth Organization at Chennai started there protest against the stay on ban on conducting Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu. WYO also demanded to ban PETA in Inda.
End of Jallikattu Protest
The peaceful protest started on 8th January 2017 and ended 23rd January, 2017. It was started peacefully but didn’t ended like the same. There was a lot of violence during the end of the protest, it was because the government had only 3 days for Republic day. Before that they have to clear the marina beach, the place where the protest took place. The Jallikattu protest was one of the historic protest happened in India.
Students Protest over Jallikattu