Behind History For October 2 – Today in History
1928 – The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, simply known as Opus Dei, is founded Saint Josemaría Escrivá.
1937 – Rafael Trujillo orders the mass killing of Haitians living in the north-western region of the Dominican Republic.
1941 – World War II: In Operation Typhoon, the Wehrmacht tries to occupy Moscow before the onset of winter.
1942 – World War II: Ocean Liner RMS Queen Mary accidentally rams and sinks HMS Curacoa, leads to killing 337 crewmen.
1944 – World War II: German troops end the Warsaw Uprising.
1958 – Guinea declares its independence from France.
1959 – Rod Serling’s anthology series The Twilight Zone premieres on CBS. The first episode is “Where Is Everybody?”
1967 – Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of the United States Supreme Court.
1968 – Mexican President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz orders soldiers to suppress a demonstration of unarmed students, ten days before the start of the 1968 Summer Olympics.
1970 – An aircraft carrying the Wichita State University football team, administrators, and supporters crashes in Colorado, killing 31 people.
1980 – Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War.
1990 – Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301 is hijacked and lands at Guangzhou, where it crashes into two other airliners on the ground, killing 128.
1992 – Military police storm the Carandiru Penitentiary in São Paulo, Brazil during a prison riot. The resulting massacre leaves 111 prisoners dead.
1996 – Improper maintenance procedures cause Aeroperú Flight 603 to crash into the ocean near Peru.
1996 – The Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by U.S. President Bill Clinton.
2000 – The Rijndael algorithm is chosen by NIST as the AES standard.
2002 – The Beltway sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
2004 – The first parkrun, then known as the Bushy Park Time Trial, takes place in Bushy Park, London, UK.
2006 – Five Amish girls are murdered in a shooting at a school in Pennsylvania, United States.
2007 – President Roh Moo-hyun of South Korea goes to North Korea for an Inter-Korean summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il.
2016 – Ethiopian protests break out during a festival in the Oromia region, killing dozens of people.